With the housing market collapse, many investors who have been fortunate enough to preserve their cash or maintain access to credit are snapping up incredible deals on residential properties to try their hand at real estate investing.
While it may sound easy enough-buy a home, make a few renovations and rent it out for more than the monthly mortgage payment-successfully managing your own investment properties requires the mindset of a business professional. Without experience, it can be easy to quickly lose money, time and sleep by making these common new landlord mistakes.
1. Not running adequate checks on a potential tenant.
As anxious as you may be to get a tenant in and paying rent, it’s
not worth rushing ahead without checking your tenant’s
credentials first. Use a rental application form that will
provide you with adequate information; pay the money
necessary to obtain a credit report (to check on a history of
late payments, delinquent accounts, etc) and take the time to
verify references including employers and former landlords.
Even if the tenant is “desperate” to move in and can make
the deposit amount immediately, check out their background
first. Don’t allow yourself to feel rushed or pressured into
making a potentially costly mistake.
2. Thinking the property will always be rented.
Before closing on a property, you need to do your own
financial due diligence and ensure that you can pay the
mortgage (if you’re taking a loan) in the event that you have
months with no tenant paying rent. Don’t risk potential
foreclosure and financial ruin because You failed to do a simple
cash flow analysis and maintain sufficient funds to cover the
mortgage payments when renters are few and far between.
3. Underestimating the cost of repairs or ongoing property
In order to keep tenants interested in (and paying for) the
property, you will need to maintain it. Make sure you’re
charging enough in rent to at least help cover a portion of
ongoing maintenance costs (i.e. painting, cleaning and carpet
cleaning between tenants). Also, plan on having to pull money
either out of the business or your own pocket in the event that
you don’t have the cash needed to make major one-time repairs
such as repairing structural damage or replacing appliances, etc.
4. Viewing it as a hobby.
Owning rental properties is a business and in order to turn a
profit, you’ll need to operate it as such. That means establishing
separate bank accounts for deposits and expenses, using a
bookkeeping system and consulting a tax professional to ensure
you are correctly handling and paying taxes on your business.
5. Relying on a handshake.
In business, you can’t rely on promises. For your own legal
protection, it’s essential that your tenants sign a lease agreement
to reside in your property and ensure that he or she understands
the terms of the contract. If you run into problems with your
tenant, you will need written, binding documentation such as a
lease in order for the judge to make a ruling. Know your state’s
laws regarding leases and ensure that you use an appropriate
form for your state.
6. Asking illegal Interview questions.
You don’t want to run the risk of giving a potential tenant
sufficient grounds to sue you for discrimination by asking the
wrong questions during the screening interview. The Fair
Housing Act of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 requires that you
cannot deny a tenant’s application based on race, color, religion,
national origin, sex, marital status, handicap or family status,
(i.e. if they plan on having children).
7. Neglecting tenants.
The home(s) you are renting out are your responsibility. If you do not regularly check in with your tenants and on the
condition of the property, you will have no one to blame but yourself if something goes wrong. However, make sure
that you are not violating your state’s laws regarding tenant privacy before stopping by the property unannounced. You
may inadvertently give them the right to sue you or be released from the terms of your lease agreement.
8. Not meeting state and local housing codes.
As a landlord, you’re required to make sure the property meets health and safety standards. If you don’t take care of
your end of the legal bargain, your tenants may have grounds to break the terms of your lease agreement, potentially
sue you and even to be legally entitled to compensation for damage or injury due to your neglect.
9. Delaying an eviction.
Not beginning eviction proceedings as soon as legally possible can be a very costly mistake. If you run into problems
with a tenant and are unsure about your rights or how to proceed, contact an eviction attorney as soon as possible.
10. Not enforcing lease terms.
If you outlined that late rent payments would incur a penalty, charge it. If you noted
that no pets are allowed and your new tenant buys a Great Dane, enforce the penalty. If your tenants realize that you are lax about the terms of the lease, they will likely follow suit. Set and enforce the standard you want upheld.
11. Not writing It down.
It’s essential that you keep written documentation of interactions
with your tenants in the event that you ever need to take him/her
to court. Note phone conversations and keep copies of emails,
voicemails or text messages, etc. to be able to support your
If you are unsure about how to successfully start your career as a
landlord or fear that you may not have the time necessary to
perform the job well, consider working with a professional
property management company. Interview several companies,
check out their backgrounds and references and ensure that, like
your tenants, you understand and agree to the terms of a
[Editor’s Note: You can’t make the same mistake twice. The
second time you make it, it’s no longer a mistake-it’s a choice.
Taken from Michigan Landlord and submitted by Rose Papp